The provision of human rights in the Cypriot Constitution is included in Part 2, which is the ‘Fundamental Rights and Liberties’.
Its definition ‘Human Rights’ and the protection of these rights was provided by the London Agreement and under the Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus, where it was agreed to ensure everyone’s safety and rights within the jurisdiction of Cyprus, human rights and associated freedoms are comparable to those stated in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights signed on 4th of November at Rome in 1950.
In the Cypriot Constitution, the Convention and Protocol have served as prototypes of relevant provisions. Based on the article 28.2 of the Constitution, the fundamental and liberty rights of any individual, are assured not only for the persons within the society, but for every individual who becomes a ‘victim’ of discrimination against the its personality on the ground of his society, religion views, race, sex, political believes, language or other general or social beliefs, national or social descent, color of skin, wealth, community, birth and many others.
The second Part of the Constitution states a broader range of the Human Rights, including those of classic civil and political rights, social and economic rights, and responsibilities for every individual within a community.
Some of the essential fights and liberties that are included in Part 2 are:
1)Every individual has the right to life and corporal integrity
2)The forbid of torture or cruel or humiliating behavior or punishment
3)The ban of slavery and servitude and forced of the compulsory labour
4)The right to any individual for decent existence and social security
5)The liberty right and personal security
6)The human right of free movement and residence
7)The right for any person’s family, house and private life to be treaded with respect
8)Every individual has the right to have its own believes, social and ethical values including those of religion the freedom to reason and thought, including the freedom for all religion believes whose principles and rites are not secret. Therefore, the use of moral and physical pressure in order of making a person change or preventing a person to change his religion is forbidden.
9)Every individual within the community has the right of expression and freedom of speech
10)The right for every individual to be educated
11)The right for every person to get marry and to found a family
12)The right to owns a property
13)Freedom of taxation unless it is enforced by the law
14)Every person has the right to practice any profession and has the right to create his own business, trade and company
15)The human right of entering into any legal contrasts
16)Every individual has the right to equality before the law
17)The right to complete written complains and requests to any public authority for any reason that seems appropriate for them
18)The right for any individual to have and state his political believes with voting
On the 16th December 1961, Cyprus signed the Rome Convention that was authorised by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights law in 1962.